There are various types of flooring tiles available in the market today.
Below are most common types of Flooring available in India:
Ceramic tiles have quickly become one of the most popular types of materials used in a home but often times home owners don’t understand exactly what they are. Ceramic tile is made up of sand, natural products, and clays and once it has been moulded into shape they are then fired in a kiln. When making ceramic tiles they can either be glazed or unglazed, but the majority of homeowners have glazed ceramic tiles in their home. With their increasing popularity, there are hundreds of different designs of ceramic tiles.
Vitrified tile is a ceramic tile with very low porosity. It is an alternative to marble and granite flooring. Vitrified tiles are often used outdoors due to their water and frost resistance. There are four types of Vitrified tiles – Soluble salt, Double charge, Full Body, Glazed.
- Soluble salt vitrified tiles are screen printed and polished.
- Double charge vitrified tiles are fed through a press that prints the pattern with a double layer of pigment, 3 to 4 mm thicker than other types of tile. This process does not permit complex patterns but results in a long-wearing tile surface, suitable for heavy traffic commercial projects. Design layer should not be more than 4mm thickness, which may weaken the strength of the tile.
- Full body vitrified tiles have pigment in entire body (thickness) of the tile. This makes chips and scratches less noticeable and make this an ideal choice for high traffic zones, but the process significantly increases the cost.
- Glazed vitrified tiles (GVT) have a glazed surface. They offer a wide variety of design, art work and surface textures like wood grain, bamboo, slate or stone. This is also an expensive process, but the cost is dropping as digital printing techniques are introduced.
One disadvantage of vitrified tiles is they do not have the natural textures and patterns of marble or granite.
This type of flooring involves embedding small pieces of colored glass, stone, or ceramic tile called tessera in a background material such as plaster or mortar. The resulting finish is unique and a variety of designs can be created.
Most conventional apartments use grey or white mosaic. These are relatively inexpensive. More rich variety of mosaic is also available in the market for the deserving people.
Mosaic Tiles in the wiki article.
Marble is a natural stone, and when properly finished can be transformed into beautiful flooring. Marble flooring is one of the most luxurious and stylish floorings to install in a home and adds a whole new element of class. Different types of marble will bring different looks to a foyer, hallway, bathroom, or any room where it is present – and there are thousands of different types of marble in nearly every color imaginable. With hues in black, brown, green, red, white and even pink, there’s no doubt homeowners can find the right marble for their home.
Marble is metamorphosed limestone, composed of fairly pure calcite. It is extensively used for sculpture, as a building material, and in many other applications which includes flooring.
Marble has a relatively lower abrasion resistance compared to artificial floors. It is calcium carbonate which is strongly attached by Hydrochloric acid which is commonly used in toilet & floor cleaning. It yellows over extended time duration whereas man made tiles tend to retain their colour for decades.
Marbles details in the wiki article.
A common igneous rock composed of quartz, orthoclase, and hornblende, often accompanied by pyroxene or mica. It is called granite because of the granular surface. Granite is frequently used for buildings and monuments. It is a popular choice for not only flooring but also for countertops in kitchen and shelves.. Like marble, it’s a durable and versatile material that’s wonderfully suited for floor tile.
Compared to marble, it is fairly inexpensive.
Granites details in the wiki article.
Concrete floors are a sustainable option if you use an existing concrete slab, avoiding the consumption of new materials. Today you can purchase readymade blocks which are ready to be laid in your home or the exteriors.
Source & Images : wiki & net